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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石又敏、陳玉敏、曾月霞.(2010)。家屬陪伴失智症患者門診就醫之生活經驗。長期照護雜誌, 14(1), 43-57。
  2. 李宗派(2005)。 探討失智症之安全照顧。台灣老人保健學刊, 1(1), 8-33。
  3. 李世凱(2006)。台灣中部地區藥物成癮者戒毒意向及其相關因素之研究。亞洲大學經營管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 邱逸榛、李怡儂、徐文俊、陳獻宗(2010)。失智症家庭照顧者睡眠障礙及相關影響因素。 護理雜誌, 57(4), 29-39。
  5. 邱逸榛、黃舒萱、許亞瑛 (2004)。 阿茲海默症患者照顧者之疲憊 負荷與憂鬱之間的關係。 長期照護雜誌, 7(4), 338-351。
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