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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 田琳 (2011) ,銀髮族對日本料理餐廳食品品質認知之研究,國立高雄餐旅大學餐旅管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 林嘉翔(2016) ,行家這樣開餐廳2,台北,時報文化出版企業股份有限公司。
  3. 傅瑋琪 (2014) ,用餐空間之設計思考—以韓式料理餐廳為例,中原大學室内設計研究所碩士論文。
  4. 趙德強 (2013) ,餐飮空間型態構成之研究 - 以西式餐廳為例,中原大學室内設計研究所碩士論文。
  5. 鄭陸霖 (2004),全球在地化的多重軌跡 - 台北市異國餐飲的時空構成,東吳社會學報,第17期,東吳大學, 31-36頁。
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