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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁思嘉 (2012),董監酬勞之決定因子與溢領現象-以台灣上市櫃為例。國立成 功大學會計研究所碩士論文。
  2. 李中凱 (2014),薪酬委員會成立對肥貓董監酬勞之影響。成功大學會計學系碩士論文。
  3. 李淑華、蔡彥卿 (2011),合併財務報表規範、盈餘組成份子持續性及股市理性定價之研究,Review of Securities and Futures Markets,23(3) 153-198。
  4. 林宇涓 (2013),董監事酬勞與盈餘品質之關聯性研究:分析不同酬勞來源之動機衝突。長榮大學經濟管理研究所學位論文。
  5. 張文瀞 (2003),本益比變動與盈餘管理,當代會計,四卷,1期,頁29-56。
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