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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Cooper, R.V.L.(1974), “Efficient Capital Markets and The Quantity Theory of Money,” Journal of Finance, 19, 887-908.
  2. Dickey, David and Wayne A., Fuller(1979), “Distribution of the Estimates for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root,” Journal of the American Statistical Association, 74, 427-431.
  3. . (1981)“Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root,” Econometrica, 49,1057-1072.
  4. Emilio, Peroni and Rober, McNown(1998),“Noninformative and Informative Tests of Efficiency in Three Energy Futures Markets,” The Journal of Futures Markets, 18, 939-964.
  5. Engle, Robert E. and Clive W. J., Granger(1987), “Cointegration and Error-Correction: Representation, Estimation, andTesting,” Econometrica, 55,251-276.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳麗玉(2009)。美國存託憑證與標的股票非線性動態調整之研究 - STAR模型的應用。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-84。 
  2. 徐銥琦(2007)。美國存託憑證與其標的股之價量資訊動態傳遞研究- ARJI-Trend模型的應用。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-60。 
  3. 江淑鳳(2006)。存託憑證海外掛牌、公司特性與公司績效之關係 -臺灣資訊電子業之實證研究。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2006。1-66。 
  4. 洪慶鴻(2002)。美國存託憑證之外溢效果與動態反應分析 ---以總體經濟變數為實證。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2002。1-84。 
  5. 郭乙萱(2010)。台灣存託憑證與原標的股股價關聯性與短期績效之研究。政治大學財務管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-78。
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