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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7. 台灣省農林廳, “台灣農業年報”(1998)。
  2. 11. 行政院農業委員會 “中華民國八十八年農業統計年報” (2000)。
  3. 13. 行政院環保署環保署空氣品質保護與噪音管制處, “中華民國台灣地區環境資訊” 1989~1996年 (1997)。
  4. 2. Ausubel, J.H, “Industrial Ecology:Reflections on a Colloquium,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 89(3) pp. 879-884 (1992).
  5. 4. Ayres, R. “Resource, Environment and Economics: Applications of the Material/Energy Balance Principle,” New York: Wiley (1978).
Times Cited (17) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖保雲(2012)。台灣地區橡膠資源物質流分析與永續性發展。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-73。 
  2. 邱泓博(2009)。產出因子應用於事業廢棄物再利用及其稽查管理之研究。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-205。 
  3. 姚凱富(2008)。物質流分析於河川流域水資源供需及管理之研究─以淡水河流域為例。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-158。 
  4. 林志斌(2006)。台灣造紙業物質流資料庫與成長環境因素分析。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2006。1-62。 
  5. 李健暉(2010)。台灣石化業之物質流分析。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2010。1-115。 
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