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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 11. 周春芳(民89),國內民生用品產業供應鏈定立模式分析之研究,國立臺北大學企業管理學報。
  2. 15. 孫藹彬(民87)台灣資訊軟體產業發展之生態演進分析,國立中央大學資訊管理學系博士班博士論文。
  3. 18. 祝堅志(民87),資訊網路應用對供應鏈管理影響之探討—以零售服務業為例,中壢,台灣: 私立元智大學管理科學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 2. Alam, A.(1999), Supply Chain Management,
  5. 5. Bowersox, Donald J. and David J. Closs (1996), Logistical Management-The Integrated Supply Chain Process, McGraw-Hill.
Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹百琳(2006)。綜合型量販店群聚的影響因素之研究-以大台北地區為例。淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班學位論文。2006。1-111。 
  2. 康明淵(2006)。消費性電子產業進入中國市場策略研究。臺灣大學資訊管理學研究所學位論文。2006。1-130。 
  3. 吳淑貞(2002)。產業網絡、群聚現象與企業競爭力關係之研究 -以兩岸製鞋業為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2002。1-111。
  4. 紀秋煌(2002)。通路控制力、通路類型與通路績效之研究 —以兩岸台商工具機業供應鏈為研究對象。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2002。1-119。
  5. 劉素珍(2002)。進入策略、產業網路發展與經營績效關係之研究─以赴大陸投資被動元件產業之台商為研究對象。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2002。1-118。
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