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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 14. 張凱娜(1996),企業如何管理營業秘密,智慧財產權管理,第9期,頁17-19。
  2. 16. 陳曉慧(1997),由博建公司案看受僱人職務上營業秘密相關問題,資訊法務透析,頁31-44,民國86年4月。
  3. 27. 劉詠萱(1998),美國法上營業秘密案例與不可避免揭露理論之淺介,資訊法律透析,頁27-35,民國87年10月。
  4. 28. 蔣若涵(1998),離職員工競業禁止條款之效力,資訊法律透析,頁37-40,民國87年10月。
  5. 4. Coleman , Allison(1994) , Intellectual property law , Longman .
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余秋琄(2005)。中山科學研究院智慧財產權管理之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-102。 
  2. 張松生(2003)。營業秘密管理與知識管理關係之探討—以金融機構為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2003。1-88。 
  3. 林上筌(2003)。人力資源管理制度保護企業營業秘密之探索性研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2003。1-100。 
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