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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 林震岩,資訊科技擴散之整合性模式研究─以MRP系統為例,中華民國管理科學學會,民84年10月
  2. 7. 財團法人資訊工業策進會,製造業電子化推動手冊─總論篇,經濟部工業局,民89年8月
  3. 8. 黃雲暉,「國內企業間電子商務應用現況分析」,資訊工業透析,財團法人資訊工業策進會,民88年2月
  4. 9. 黃雲暉,「企業間電子商務服務市場機會何在」,資訊工業透析,財團法人資訊工業策進會,民88年11月
  5. 10. 黃雲暉,「從ICE秀展看企業間電子商務發展現況與趨勢」,資訊工業透析,財團法人資訊工業策進會,民88年12月
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳貞月(2004)。夥伴關係管理系統導入研究–以台灣山葉機車YMMIS系統為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-99。
  2. 倪瑞祥(2004)。電子採購系統建置與效益分析之個案研究—以機車產業為例。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-60。
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