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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考書目
  2. 歷史文獻:
  3. 不撰著人
  4. 年代不明〈平海氛記〉《台灣外誌後傳》收于1931《台灣史料集成》台南:台灣文化三百年紀念刊
  5. 王必昌
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂宗翰(2008)。中國園林藝術之內涵探討與設計應用─以 林家花園為例。大同大學工業設計學系所學位論文。2008。1-186。
  2. 黃采瀅(2009)。日治時期城市公園圖像研究。臺灣師範大學美術學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-118。
  3. 黃騰德(2010)。鄭經詩歌研究──以《東壁樓集》為探討重點。臺灣師範大學國文學系學位論文。2010。1-143。
  4. 賴恆毅(2012)。清代臺灣地理空間書寫與文化敘事。中正大學中國文學系學位論文。2012。1-243。
  5. 顏大惟(2016)。基隆顏家祖厝福隆居之基礎研究。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2016。1-151。
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