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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4、 田正恆,刑事被告之緘默權,法令月刊,第三十九卷第二期。
  2. 5、 李茂生,自白與事實認定的結構,台大法學論叢,第二五卷第三期。
  3. 10、 陳運財,論刑事訴訟證據法則之修正-評司法院刑事訴訟法部分條文修正草案,律師雜誌二五五期,二○○○年十二月。
  4. 11、 陳運財,警訊錄音之研究-最高法院八十八年度台上字第五七六二號刑事判決評釋-,台灣本土法學雜誌,二○○一年七月,第二十四期。
  5. 23、 黃朝義,共犯或共同被告自白之相關問題-評最高法院八十八年度台上字第三八○號判決,月旦法學雜誌第七一期。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林源湧(2007)。論刑事訴訟法第一百三十一條第一項之逕行搜索。政治大學法學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-175。
  2. 張婉儀(2009)。自白與無自白之因素比較探究---以性犯罪案為例。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2009。1-88。
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