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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳武典(民68)。國小班級氣氛的因素分析與追蹤研究。教育心理學學報,12期,頁133-156。
  2. 林佩旋(民83)。合作學習在高級職業學校的應用。技術及職業教育,24期,頁21-23。
  3. 林美純、陳華、宋美妹、陳美紀(民87)。合作學習應用在大一初級會計教學研究。中華民國第四屆商業教育學術論文發表會,頁237-254。
  4. 張子超、揚冠政(民86)。學生環境知識概念結構發展的研究。師大學報:科學教育類,42期(革新版),頁31-48。
  5. 吳明娟(民90)。二十一世紀的會計教學挑戰。技術及職業教育,61期,頁13-16。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃連燈(2013)。基北區高職餐飲管理科學生學習滿意度與學習成效之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-175。 
  2. 范素梅(2009)。合作學習教學法學習成效之研究—以高職美容科美姿美儀課程為例。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-201。 
  3. 邱廷榮(2008)。運用「多元表徵交互應用策略」對國小對流概念教學成效之研究。臺東大學進修部教學科技碩在職進修專(暑)學位論文。2008。1-217。 
  4. 卓芳亙(2008)。概念構圖教學策略對地理科學習成效之影響-以七年級學生為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2008。1-131。 
  5. 賴育鍾(2006)。概念構圖教學策略應用在八年級學生政府概念學習之行動研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-225。
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