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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 工業技術研究院電子工業研究所編印,1998,1998半導體工業年鑑。
  2. 工業技術研究院電子工業研究所編印,1999,1999半導體工業年鑑。
  3. 工業技術研究院電子工業研究所編印,2000,2000半導體工業年鑑。
  4. 工業技術研究院電子工業研究所編印,2001,2001半導體工業年鑑。
  5. 司徒達賢、李仁芳、吳思華,1993,企業概論,空中大學。
Times Cited (30) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝鴻椿(2010)。以資料包絡分析法評估台灣石化上游產業經營績效之研究。臺北科技大學管理學院工業工程與管理EMBA專班學位論文。2010。1-71。 
  2. 施仁富(2007)。運用資料包絡分析法於台灣手機印刷電路板製造商經營績效之研究。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-81。 
  3. 鄒有憲(2003)。探討台灣半導體策略聯盟與財務績效關聯性之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2003。1-42。 
  4. 紀台英(2003)。金融控股公司經營效率評估之研究—以本國上市(櫃)金控公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2003。1-69。 
  5. 黃小芬(2007)。移轉訂價對企業經營績效之影響-以投資大陸之台商為例。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2007。1-103。 
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