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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.丁虹、吳靜吉,企業文化與組織承諾之關係研究,1988年。
  2. 5.吳秉恩、李其芳,企業倫理政策、倫理氣候與組織績效關係之研究,管理學報,第16卷,第2期,第201-230頁,1999年。
  3. 1.Allen, N. J. & Meyer, J. P. (1990), “The Measurement and Antecedents of Affective Continuance, and Normative Commitment to the Organization”, Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, p.1-18.
  4. 2.Angle, H. L. & Perry, J. L. (1981), “An Empirical Assessment of the Organization Commitment and Organization Effectivene”, Administrative Science Quarterly, 26, p.1-14.
  5. 4.Atkinson, A., R. Banker, R. Kaplan, and M. Young (1995). Management Accounting Prentice Hall.
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許育慈(2013)。員工流動率、經營環境與企業社會責任之關連性-中國大陸企業之實證。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-70。 
  2. 王怡涵(2011)。中國企業社會責任評價與利害關係人報償之關聯性。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-150。 
  3. 林馥彤(2010)。從利害關係人觀點探討海洋觀光發展策略─以台北縣市藍色公路為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2010。1-150。 
  4. 莊秀禎(2006)。滿足多重目標利害關係人之模式建構與應用。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班學位論文。2006。1-88。 
  5. 魏肇翔(2009)。中小企業主策略思考過程探討-一個產品開發過程為例。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系學位論文。2009。1-0。 
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