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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 台灣經濟研究院(2001),產業技術白皮書2001,台北:經濟部技術處。
  2. 7. 杜富燕(1995),「企業環保策略的決策模式之研究:以我國鋼鐵業與水泥業為例」,國科會專題研究計畫成果報告〈NSC 84-2416-H-011-002〉。
  3. 31. 溫肇東、陳泰明(1997),「台灣的綠色創新組織初探」,臺大管理論叢,第八卷,第二期,頁99-124。
  4. 1. Aragon-Correa, J. A. (1998), “Strategic proactivity and firm approach to the natural environment,” Academy of Management Journal, 41(5), pp.556-567.
  5. 2. Atkinson, G. (2000), "Technology and Sustainable Development", in OECD ed. Paris:Frameworks to Measure Sustainable Development.
Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳可欣(2005)。環境資訊揭露程度與公司治理關聯性之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2005。1-73。 
  2. 鄭文凱(2007)。多階供應鏈規劃- 多期逆向物流模式發展-多期逆向物流模式發展。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-48。 
  3. 項義順(2008)。產業邁入成熟期前中型企業的預應策略---以印刷電路板產業為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-102。 
  4. 羅文華(2006)。推行ISO 9001對企業經營績效之影響分析-以台灣資訊電子業為例。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2006。1-95。 
  5. 段國慶(2003)。台灣廠商環境管理策略與環保績效之探索性研究-以環保得獎廠商為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2003。1-151。
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