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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 葉忠麟,2001,『以作業基礎成本制分析商業銀行利率訂價決策—以國內W銀行為例』,中原大學會計學系未出版碩士論文。
  2. 19 Subhash C.Jain 著,李茂興譯,2000,『行銷策略』,揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 20. Michael J. Cunningham 著,陳瑞清譯,2001,『B2B 獲利不再虛擬』,天下遠見。
  4. 1. Kaplan and Cooper,1998,『Cost and Effect』,Harvard Business School 。
  5. 4. James A. Brimson,1991,『”Activity Accounting』”,John Wiley & Sons, Inc,。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張玉輝(2006)。運用作業基礎成本管理制協助產品組合決策提升企業競爭優勢之研究—以C通訊設備公司為例。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2006。1-80。 
  2. 岳巧珺(2008)。公路設施養護管理程序建立及成本分析之研究-以IDEF方法建立鋪面養護作業程序。中央大學土木工程學系學位論文。2008。1-118。
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