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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7.黃繁燈、黃建隆,輕輕鬆鬆進入Internet,第三波文化事業股份有限公司,民國八十四年十月再版一刷。
  2. 10.蔡奇玉等著,企業網路技術導覽,第三波文化事業股份有限公司,民國八十六年六月初版一刷。
  3. 5.Eric J. Bakewell, Michelle Koldaro and Jennifer M. Tjia, Computer Crimes, 38 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 481(2001)。
  4. 6.Frank J. Eichenlaub, Carnivore: Taking a Bite Out of the Fourth Amendment?, 80 N.C.L. Rev. 315, 340-342(2001)。
  5. 11.Maricela Segura, Carnivore Devouring Your Privacy?, 75 S. Cal. L. Rev. 231 (2001)。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林進財(2007)。我國情報通訊監察之研究。淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-198。 
  2. 蘇三榮(2009)。網路時代通訊監察與個人資料保護之法制研究。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2009。1-137。 
  3. 張玉維(2015)。國家情報工作法制與組織之研究-以國家安全法之修正草案為中心。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-177。 
  4. 黃政龍(2009)。科技偵查之研究─以公共空間行動資訊隱私權為範疇。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2009。1-336。 
  5. 姚祖德(2005)。國家電訊安全跨境監聽之法理與執行研究。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2005。1-266。
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