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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳森壬(民70),「員工個人屬性、需求層次、工作特性與工作滿足之關係」,政治大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 尹衍樑(民87),「組織變革策略對組織承諾之影響研究-以潤泰工業股份有限公司電腦化為例」。台北:台灣經濟研究雜誌社。
  3. Alderfer,C.P.(1972).Existence Relatedness and Growth Need in Organizational Setting. New York: The free press.
  4. Arvey,R.&Dewhirst,H.D.(1976).Relationships between goal clarity,participation in goal setting, and personality characteristics on job satisfaction in a scientificPsychology.5.pp.201-205.
  5. Baird.L.S.(1976).Relationship of performance to satisfaction in Stimulating and nonstimulation jobs. Journal of Applied Psychology.61.pp.721-727.
Times Cited (24) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周依蒨(2009)。華人文化對創新精神之影響。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-105。 
  2. 黃玉枝(2012)。從員工觀點看公股銀行優退-以H銀行為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-83。 
  3. 許業群(2008)。員工之組織變革認知與其專業承諾及工作滿意度關聯性之研究-以陸軍司令部為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-114。 
  4. 田宛靈(2006)。個人因素、情境因素與生涯成熟度關聯性之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-90。 
  5. 郭小玲(2006)。差序氣氛對組織成員正義知覺影響之研究 —以某國防機構為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-85。 
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