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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院九二一震災災後重建推動委員會(2000)「921震災統計彙編」,
  2. Asarnow, J., Glynn, S., Pynoos, R. S., Nahum, J., Guthrie, D., Cantwell, D. P., & Franklin, B.(1999). When the earth stops shaking: Earthquake sequelae among children diagnosed for pre-earthquake psychopathology. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38(8), 1016-1023.
  3. Azarian, A., Miller, T. W., & Skriptchenko-Gregorian, V.(1996). Baseline assessment of children traumatized by the Armenian earthquake. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 27(1), 29-41.
  4. Azarian, A., & Skriptchenko-Gregorian, V.(1998). Traumatization and stress in child and adolescent victims of natural disasters. In T. W. Miller(Ed.), Children of trauma: Stressful life events and their effects on children and adolescents(pp. 77-118). International Universities Press, Inc.
  5. Chandler, L. A.(1981). The source of Stress Inventory. Psychology in the Schools, 18 , 164-168.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯菀榕(2011)。自閉症兒童之一般手足的壓力與因應方式之探討。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-202。 
  2. 江淑娟(2009)。國中教師人格特質、生活壓力與工作滿意度之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-145。
  3. 陳華如(2010)。台南市長期照護家庭與一般家庭國中生生活壓力ˋ韌力與生活適應之探討。臺灣師範大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2010。1-126。
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