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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Garrow,J.S.:Treat obesity seriouoly. Edinburgh, London, Melbourne, New Yorlk:Churchill Livingstone, 1981.
  2. 3. National Task Force on the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity. Overweight, obesity, and health risk. Arch intern Med: 60: 898-904, 2000.
  3. 4. Calle EE. Thun MJ. Petrelli JM, et al. Body-mass index and mortality in a prospective cohort of US adults. N EnglJ Med : 341: 1097-1105, 1999.
  4. 5. Haymes, E.M., Lundegren H.M., Loomis, J.L. and buskirk, E.R.: Validity of the ultrasound techiqe as a method of measuring subcutaneous adipose tissue. Ann. Hum. Biol. 3: 245-251, 1976.
  5. 7. Levenhage JK, Borel MJ, Welch DC, Piasecki JH, Piasecki DP, Flakoll PJ. Comparison of four body composition techniques to estimate body fat in normal healthy subjects, The FASEB Journal, 12(5): A868, 1998.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李育慎(2010)。高頻電刺激下人體皮膚水份的變化量。中原大學生物醫學工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-88。 
  2. 鍾經堯(2009)。可攜式低功率雷射針灸儀之研發與臨床應用。中原大學醫學工程研究所學位論文。2009。1-97。 
  3. 江佛恩(2012)。隱藏性肥胖與代謝症候群之探討。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-116。 
  4. 陳靜怡(2007)。台灣地區成人過重、肥胖對醫療利用的影響。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-94。
  5. 楊文仁(2008)。網路衛生教育對體重過重民眾體重控制之效果研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-112。
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