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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 217 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. James W. Davidson   1972,《The Island of Formosa-Past and Present》,臺北:成文書局復刻
  2. Owen Rutter   1995,《Through Formosa an Account of Japan’s Island Colony》,臺北:南天書局再版
  3. 夏憲綸   1996. 03,《臺灣輿圖》,文叢第四五種,臺灣銀行經濟研究室,南投:臺灣省文獻會
  4. 鮑曉鷗(José Eugenio Borao Mateo)    《Spaniards in Taiwan Vol. I》,臺北:南天書局
  5. 呂月娥    2001.11,《日治時期基隆港口都市形成歷程之研究》,中原大學碩士學位論文
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 唐宇震(2015)。由巴洛克建築設計演變論台灣當代建築的巴洛克設計手法。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2015。1-230。 
  2. 廖鎮誠(2007)。日治時期台灣近代建築設備發展之研究。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2007。1-436。 
  3. 賴建宏(2006)。「淡水蜑家棚」調查研究。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2006。1-206。 
  4. 顏淑華(2005)。日治時期「艋舺埋立地」土地建物發展之研究。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2005。1-223。
  5. 王韻涵(2011)。古蹟博物館營運之發展研究-以淡水古蹟博物館為例。淡江大學歷史學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-179。
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