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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 34. Dun & Bradstreet,The Outsourcing Institute 2000
  2. 39. Lieb, R.C. and L.A. Peluso, 1996, “1996 CEO Perspectives on the current Status and Future Prospects of the third Party Logistics Service by large American Manufacturers: 1991, 1994, 1995 and 1996”, Proceeding of the Council of Logistics, pp.431-451.
  3. 1. 中華民國物流協會,取自物流新世紀-2001特輯
  4. 2. 中華民國物流協會,取自物流新世紀-2002特輯
  5. 3. 中華民國物流協會,第十二屆物流整合工程師訓練班,「物流委外運輸管理實務」,取自余章鈞講義。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉華珍(2005)。探討 供應商管理存貨 之作業績效 — 以個案為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-107。
  2. 藺芳(2009)。國際企業與台灣企業會計帳務處理外包探討。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2009。1-56。
  3. 楊政倫(2010)。促進我國物流產業之法律對策。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2010。1-258。
  4. 王芷瑩(2012)。臺灣中小型快遞服務業產業定位與經營策略研究。元智大學資訊社會學碩士學位學程學位論文。2012。1-78。
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