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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 205 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Askson, M.V. and C.S. Pillai, “Quality cost evaluation in a spilling mill.” Total Quality management, vol. 9, No. 8, 1998, pp. 723-730
  2. Badiru, A. B., “A system Approch to Total Quality Management,” Industrial Engineering, March 1990, pp.33-36
  3. government entities, and nonprofit organizations, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1994
  4. Brinkman, S.L., and M.A. Appelbaum , “The Quality cost report: It's Alive and Well at Gilroy Foods.” Management Accounting, September 1994, pp.61-65
  5. Campanella, Jack, Principle of quality costs – Principles, Implementation, and Use, ASQ Quality Press, 1999
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃英哲(2012)。跨國資訊公司產品品質問題回饋流程改善之研究。淡江大學資訊管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-58。 
  2. 鄭瑞鈴(2007)。以綠色供應鏈觀點建立顧客滿意度衡量 -TFT產業為案例。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2007。1-101。 
  3. 徐慶秀(2005)。ERP環境下PCB產業成本計算模式之研究。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-126。 
  4. 張桂真(2005)。以系統動力學觀點探討服務品質對於企業營運績效之效果。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2005。1-126。 
  5. 鄭子建(2007)。臺灣電子零組件廠商品質策略的研究--以台達電為例。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2007。1-148。
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