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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王啟光,1999年,「生技製藥產業關鍵成功因素之研究」,淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士論
  2. 范淑珍,2000年,「透視華爾街生化科技股」,城邦文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. Aswath Damodaran, 2002, “The Dark Side of Valuation:Firms with no Earnings,
  4. no History and no Comparables”,, Mach 2000.
  5. Aswath Damodaran, 1996, “Investment Valuation:Tools and techniques for
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 游雅媛(2006)。考慮企業生命週期下評價模式適用性之研究 --以資訊電子業為例。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2006。1-87。 
  2. 王莉雯(2004)。企業生命循環週期對實質選擇權股權評價之影響 -台灣生化科技公司之實證分析-。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2004。1-50。 
  3. 魏德興(2004)。選擇權法於技術移轉價值評估之研究 -以環保光觸媒T技術移轉案為例-。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-53。 
  4. 潘俊鳴(2003)。實質選擇權股價評估模式之研究-以單矩陣式液晶顯示器與數位相機產業為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2003。1-120。 
  5. 余宏政(2010)。台灣新興生技公司價值衡量:以一家製造抗體的生技公司為例。臺灣大學財務金融組學位論文。2010。1-84。 
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