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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 10. 陳柏任,網際網路財務報告揭露之系統架構研究,私立中原大學會計研究所未出版碩士論文,2001年。
  2. 1. Magic Software Enterprise,Magic Reference Guide V9,2002。
  3. 2. Hampton, L and D. vun Kannon..,Extensible business reporting language (XBRL) 2.0 specificaiton.,2001。
  4. 5. Kannon, D. V., Walter Hamsher..,Extensible business reporting language (XBRL) specificaiton,2000。
  5. 15. Automatic Extraction and Analysis of Financial Data from the EDGAR database,
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余建忠(2007)。以XBRL為基礎之財務報表收集分析與儲存之系統與應用。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2007。1-79。 
  2. 田瑞祥(2006)。以XBRL為基礎的財務報表分析專家系統。臺灣大學電機工程學研究所學位論文。2006。1-113。 
  3. 林志遠(2004)。應用可延伸企業報導語言於稅務申報與稅務查核之實作研究。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2004。1-71。
  4. 謝曜聲(2007)。以網站服務整合同步工程之產品知識管理系統。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-104。
  5. 張詩敏(2007)。基因演算法於XBRL財務報表分析之系統建置。大同大學資訊經營學系所學位論文。2007。1-42。
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