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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bagozzi, R. P. and Y. Yi, “On the Evaluation of Structural Equation Models,” Academic of Marketing Science, 16, 76-94 (1988).
  2. Malhotra, N.K., Marketing Research: An Applied Orientation, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, p. 308 (1993).
  3. Proto, M. and S. Supino, “Ecomanagement Quality System: ISO14000. The State of the Art in Italy,” Total Quality Management, 11(4/5&6), 767-772 (2000).
  4. Rondinelli, D., ”Panacea, Common Sense, or Just a Label?The Value of ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems,” European Management, 18(5), 499-510 (2000).
  5. S.T. Mohamed, “The impact of 14000 on developing world business,” RENEWABLE ENERGY 23, 579-584 (2001) .
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅文華(2006)。推行ISO 9001對企業經營績效之影響分析-以台灣資訊電子業為例。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2006。1-95。 
  2. 陳曉潔(2005)。環保標章制度對公司整體經營績效之分析。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2005。1-110。
  3. 王國棟(2008)。導入以ISO 9001 : 2000為基礎的「產品環境品質保證系統」之研究 -- 以M公司為例。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-90。
  4. 楊得強(2009)。環安衛成本會計系統應用在成本分析及績效評估-以某半導體公司為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2009。1-92。
  5. 黃璉澐(2010)。內部控制嵌入環境保護之研究。中興大學會計學研究所學位論文。2010。1-79。
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