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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳心儀,2002,分析師預測誤差與公司特性的關聯性,元智大學管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
  2. 許秀賓,1993,財務分析師盈餘預測優越性決定因素—實證研究,會計評論,第27期(4月),頁137-158。
  3. 劉瑄儀,2002,我國綜合證券商研究人員資訊尋求行為研究,天主教輔仁大學圖書資訊研究所未出版碩士論文。
  4. Bhushan, R. 1989. Firm Characteristics and Analyst Following. Journal of Accounting & Economics 11 (September):255-274.
  5. Clement, M. B. 1999. Analyst forecast accuracy: Do ability, resources, and portfolio complexity matter? Journal of Accounting & Economics 27 (January):285-303.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張雷(2008)。國內券商評等對股市的影響 – GARCH Model。中興大學財務金融學系所學位論文。2008。1-26。 
  2. 蔡志昇(2009)。外資券商之股票投資評等是否存在利益衝突。臺灣大學財務金融學研究所學位論文。2009。1-58。
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