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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 余序江,許志義,澤義,1998。科技管理導論︰科技預測與規劃,台北︰五南出版社。
  2. 6. 李淑貞,1997。產業利用專利資訊之研究:以我國半導體廠商為例,國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 25. 劉尚志,1994。中小企業專利管理的策略與方法,一九九八年產業科技研究發展管理研討會,台北。
  4. 32. 謝寶煖,1998。專利與專利資訊檢索。大學圖書館,第2卷第四期:111-127。
  5. 1. Abernathy, W. and Utterback, J.(1975),A dynamic model of process and product innovation, Omega 3,pp.639-656.
Times Cited (38) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳如琳(2009)。半色調光罩之微影製程參數對薄膜電晶體通道光阻橫截面形貌與厚度之影響。中興大學材料科學與工程學系所學位論文。2009。1-76。 
  2. 林忠賢(2015)。專利生命週期與專利訴訟的比較分析。交通大學管理學院科技管理學程學位論文。2015。1-70。 
  3. 郭品辰(2014)。使用專利共引證分析光儲存產業技術發展軌跡與技術生命週期預測之研究。臺北科技大學服務與科技管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-166。 
  4. 劉文昱(2009)。吊架移位機之專利地圖製作與分析。臺北科技大學機電整合研究所學位論文。2009。1-120。 
  5. 秘琮翔(2010)。以情境分析法探討多點觸控面板技術發展之趨勢-以投射式電容觸控技術為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-82。 
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