Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Previous Page
Next Page
There is no full-text available at the moment. Airiti would like to request author's authorization. I would like to provide authorization.
Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 王智濃,”新型良導絡量測系統之研發及應用於下背痛之診斷”,中原大學,2000。
  2. [7] Keisou Ishimaru, Kenji Kawakita, Masakazu Sakita, “Analgesic effects induced by TENS and electroacupuncture with different types of stimulating electrodes on deep tissues in human subjects” Pain, 63:181-187, 1995.
  3. [9] Hamza, Mohamed A. White, Paul F. Ahmed, Hesham E. Ghoname, El-sayed A. “Effect of the Frequency of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on the Postoperative Opioid Analgesic Requirement and Recovery Profile” American Society of Anesthesiologists, Volume 91(5), p1232, 1999.
  4. [12] 廖文炫、林慧芬,”增強肌力之電刺激法” ,中華物療誌;16(1)︰69-79,
  5. [13] 蔡美文,”不同電流型式之舒適度比較”,中華物療誌;18(2)︰
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡子健(2010)。應用行為模式設計之主動式服務居家照護系統。中原大學資訊工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-71。 
  2. 胡慶彰(2009)。八位元精簡指令集微控制器於電刺激器訊號處理之設計與應用。中原大學電子工程研究所學位論文。2009。1-67。 
  3. 曾俊元(2004)。研發音頻電刺激系統。中原大學醫學工程研究所學位論文。2004。1-90。
  4. 曾子娟(2004)。以自適性濾波器及生物回饋機制建構自動刺激強度控制系統。中原大學醫學工程研究所學位論文。2004。1-70。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :