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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李文瑞,曹為忠,陳弘林(2000),我國積體電路廠商策略聯盟與績效關係之研究,企業管理學報,(46),頁154-155。
  2. 曾千豪(2002),「休閒產業與發卡銀行策略聯盟績效之研究」,朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理研究所。
  3. 葉匡時等(1992),「策略聯盟的發展-交易成本的觀點」,產業科技研究發展管理研討會。
  4. Aaker D.A.(1984), “How to Select a Business Strategy,” California Management Review, Berkeley.
  5. Awadzi, W. K. ,(1987), “Determinants of joint venture performance: A study of international joint venture in the U. S.,” Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Louisiana state University, Louisiana.
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊淳懿(2011)。運用系統模擬探討醫院協同環境之轉院機制。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-89。 
  2. 陳裕壬(2010)。台灣汽車銷售產業競合關係之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-88。 
  3. 張郁芯(2010)。台灣冷凍空調產業競合關係之研究 -以家用及小型商用冷氣機產業為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-107。 
  4. 何宗年(2013)。積體電路載板產業競合關係之研究 -以U電子公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-126。 
  5. 雷淑貞(2014)。台灣長期照護機構與醫療機構策略聯盟動機透過信任、程序公平對聯盟績效與未來承諾之影響。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-202。 
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