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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.吳安妮,「經理人員自願揭露盈餘預測資訊給外界之決定因素-實證研究」,會計評論,民國八十年:頁1-24
  2. 4.林宛潔,「財務預測修正資訊內涵之研究」,國立成功大學會計學研究所碩士論文,民國89年。
  3. 5.金成隆、林修葳、張永芳,強制性財務預測誤差與盈餘管理關係:20%門檻限制影響之研究,2000,中國財務學刊,第七卷第一期,頁59-96。
  4. 7.徐謝慈,「管理當局盈餘預測品質聲譽、盈餘預測修正與盈餘管理關係之研究」,元智大學管理研究所未出版碩士論文,民91。
  5. 12.Bartov, E., Givoly, D., Hayn, C., 2002. The rewards to meeting or beating earnings expectations. Journal of Accounting and Economics 33:
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪小芬(2005)。盈餘及盈餘管理特性對分析師預測之影響。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2005。1-74。 
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