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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Brown, Durbin, and Evans (1975), “Techniques for Testing the Constancy of Regression Relationships Over Time,” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B, vol. 37, P149-192.
  2. Etziony, Amir and Avi Weiss (2001), “Coordination and Critical Mass in a Network Market-An Experimental Evaluation,” Working paper.
  3. Gibert, Richard J. and Michael Katz (2001), “An Economist’s Guide to U.S. v. Microsoft,” Working Papers, UC Berkeley.
  4. Lin, Chien-Fu and Timo Terasvirta (1994), “Testing the Constancy of regression parameters against continuous structural change,” Journal of Econometrics, vol. 62, P211-228.
  5. Mahler, Alwin and Everett M. Rogers (1999), “The diffusion of interactive communication innovations and the critical mass: the adoption of telecommunications services by German banks,” Telecommunications Policy, vol. 23, P719-740.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳柏翰(2012)。影響消費者網路團購意向因素之探討。屏東科技大學資訊管理系所學位論文。2012。1-103。 
  2. 張峻彰(2004)。網路電話採用時間探討-以Skype為例。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-59。
  3. 曾齡玉(2005)。價格敏感度與知覺主流設計對延遲購買行為影響之研究—以數位相機產品為實證。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-74。
  4. 陳奕璋(2011)。探討網際網路事件達成關鍵多數之影響因素。中央大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-108。
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