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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 盛杏湲,「立法委員的利法參與:概念、本質與測量」,問題與研究,第36卷第3期,1997年3月,頁1 ~ 25。
  2. 盛杏湲,「統獨議題與臺灣選民的投票行為:一九九○年代的分析」,選舉研究,第9卷第1期,2002年5月,頁41 ~ 80。
  3. 楊婉瑩,「立法院委員會的決策角色:以第三屆立法院為例」,問題與研究,第41卷第4期,2002年7、8月,頁83 ~ 113。
  4. Stigler, G.J.(1974), The theory of economic regulation, Bell Journal of Economic and Management Science, 2, 3-21.
  5. Hager G.L. and Talbert J.C.(2000), Look for the party label:party influences on voting in the U. S. House, Legislative Studies Quarterly, 1, 75-99.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李妮臻(2011)。補助金制度與城鄉及區域發展關聯性之探討。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2011。1-122。
  2. 徐榮隆(2012)。我國統籌分配稅款之政經研究。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2012。1-164。
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