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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (1) Alavi M., ”Computer-Mediated Collaborative Learning:An Empirical Evaluation.” MIS Quarterly 18(2), June 1994, pp.159-174.
  2. (2) Alavi M., Bradley C.Wheeler and Joseph S. Valacich “Using IT to reengineer business education:An exploratory investigation of collaborative telelearning.”MIS Quarterly 19(3), Sep 1995,pp 293-313
  3. (3) Alavi, M., and Leidner, D. E. “Research Commentary: Technology-mediated Learning-A call for Greater Depth and Breadth of Research.” Information System Research, Vol. 12(1) 2001, pp.1-10.
  4. (4) Alavi, M and Leidner, D. E. “Review:Knowledge Management and Knowledge Management systems:Conceptual foundations and research issues.” MIS Quarterly, Vol. 25(1) , March 2001,pp.117-136.
  5. (5) Gabriele Piccoli, Rami Ahmad, Blake Ives, ”Web-based Virtual learning environments:A research framework and a preliminary assessment of effectiveness in basic IT skills training”, MIS Quarterly, Vol. 25(4) pp.401-426.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐敏珠(2006)。我國高等教育數位學習發展策略與品質認證規劃之研究。政治大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-135。
  2. 劉芳琪(2010)。Moodle網路學習平台融入教學對小學幾何學習成效之研究。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-146。
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