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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 10. 林東清、孫培真、徐景智,影響資訊系統使用者抗拒行為之原因:以計劃行為理論為基礎之整合研究,(資訊管理研究,第二卷 第二期 2000.07)
  2. 5. Richard J. Tersine,Principles of Inventory and Materials Management 1994
  3. 9. Stephen P. Robbins,Management 1994.
  4. 中文部份:
  5. 1. 馬汀˙戴思等、康瑞德˙諾維寇、派屈克˙金、愛咪˙瑞德,電子化企業經理人手冊-從戰術到戰略 2001
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李宜穎(2008)。使用者資訊科技抗拒行為之研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-139。 
  2. 陳奕慈(2013)。網路創業育成中知識分享與創新行為之研究。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-129。 
  3. 盛慰先(2012)。論美國專利法之申請過程禁反言─以Festo及Honeywell案例之禁反言為例─。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2012。1-168。 
  4. 李彥真(2006)。國家級研究機構進用專業技術派遣員工之現況研究-以財團法人國家實驗研究院為例。臺灣師範大學工業科技教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-118。
  5. 曾伈榮(2007)。國內企業研發中心發展探討:從三星SAIT借鏡。清華大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-170。
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