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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 孫藹彬,民 87。台灣資訊軟體產業發展之生態演進分析,國立中央大學資訊管理研究所。
  2. 11. 瞿宛文、李佳靜,民 88。成長與產業組織:台灣與南韓自行車業之比較研究,台灣社會研究季刊,35,47-74。
  3. 13. Aldrich, H.(1969), Organization And Environments, Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall.
  4. 14. Anand Swaminathan(2001). Resource-Partitioning And The Evolution Of Specialist Organizations: The Role Of Location And Identity In The U.S. Wine Industry. Academy of Management Journal.
  5. 16. Baum, Joel A. C., & Singh, Jitendra V.(1994). Organizational niches and the dynamics of organizational mortality. American Journal of Sociology.
Times Cited (16) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃育信(2007)。企業設置海外研發據點策略之研究─以台灣IC設計公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-89。 
  2. 邱煥奎(2007)。產業聚群與企業策略關係之研究 -以台灣連接器產業為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-130。 
  3. 劉湘怡(2007)。產業演化與企業經營策略關係之研究 —以液晶顯示器之驅動IC設計公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-78。 
  4. 劉冠亨(2007)。我國TFT LCD面板廠核心能耐與整合策略關係之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-121。 
  5. 劉昭綺(2006)。應用層級分析法建立供應商績效評估之研究 -以TFT-LCD產業之偏光片供應商為例。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2006。1-54。 
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