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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.林宜勉與陳瑞斌,「公司特性與股權結構對負債政策之影響」,亞太管理評論,第5卷第2期,2000年,頁199-219。
  2. 2.沈中華與王健安,「融資限制對公司投資的影響」,中研院經濟論文,第28卷第1期,2000年,頁67-95。
  3. 4.陳錦村,「競爭、往來關係與銀行授信行為之研究」,中國財務學刊,1997年,第5卷第3期,頁61-90。
  4. 5.詹維玲,「金融自由化與投資:台灣實證研究」,總體經濟計量模型研討會,2002年,頁29-59。
  5. 7.Audretsch, D. B. and Elston, J. A., 2002, Does Firm Size Matter? Evidence on the Impact of Liquidity Constraints on Firm Investment Behavior in Germany, International Journal of Industrial Organization, 20, 1-17.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡莉玉(2007)。本國銀行併購對中小企業融資的影響。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-62。 
  2. 林凱智(2007)。銀行關係、經理人持股與現金持有 -台灣上市公司之實證研究-。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2007。1-57。 
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