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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Berry, L.L., 1984, “Services Marketing is Different”, Business Magazine, pp. 29-37.
  2. 3. Bhote, K.R., 2001, “The Ultimate Six Sigma: Beyond Quality Excellence to Business Excellence”, Amacom.
  3. 4. Breyfogle Ⅲ, F.W., Cupello, J.M. and Meadows B., 2001, “Manging Six Sigma- A Practice Guild to Understanding, Assessing, and Implementing the Stagy that Yields Bottom-Line Success”, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 18-20.
  4. 7. Eiglier, P. and Langeard, E., 1997, “Marketing Consumer Services: New Insights”, MSI Report, pp. 77-115.
  5. 8. Feld, W.M., 2001, “Lean Manufacturing: Tools, Techniques, and How To Use Them”, St. Lucie Press, pp. 4-15.
Times Cited (40) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉淑娟(2013)。三家汽機車零件公司應用精實生產的比較。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2013。1-84。 
  2. 吳家群(2012)。精實六標準差應用於製程改善之研究-以行車記錄器產業為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-78。 
  3. 沈憲義(2010)。整合精實思維、TRIZ與六標準差於新產品功能測試驗證流程之探討。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-82。 
  4. 郭玉潔(2009)。應用精實生產管理模式於 SMT 備料作業-以 G 公司為例。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2009。1-111。 
  5. 林清滿(2007)。精實服務業供需流程之研究以保健型機能性食品為例。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2007。1-84。 
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