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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 19. 郭晉彰(2000),不停駛的驛馬 聯強國際的通路霸業,商訊文化事業股份有限公司,2000年6月初版,頁113 ~ 116。
  2. 20. 陳培恆(2001),客製化彈性接單(BTO/CTO)生產模式下之產線備料預測探討,中原大學工業工程研究所碩士論文。
  3. 31. 傅建銘(2002),探討供應鏈管理在空調產業之應用,中原大學工業工程學系碩士論文。
  4. 38. Anderson, Eric and Narus(1990)," A Model of Distributor Firm and Manufacturer Firm Working Relationships ",Journal of Marketing ,54,January,pp.42~58
  5. Logistics and Supply Chain Management,Prentice Hall
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳志峰(2015)。產品知識教育訓練對業務人員業績影響之探討:以資訊服務業B公司為例。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-58。 
  2. 許本諧(2009)。CTO模式在半導體設備產業應用。清華大學高階主管經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-83。 
  3. 洪毫寓(2010)。在CTO環境下考量潛在性訂單之多產品多廠區產能配置模式發展。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-126。 
  4. 羅錦雲(2006)。BTO/CTO商業模式應用於筆記型電腦產業之研究-以C公司為例。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2006。1-134。 
  5. 黃俊銘(2005)。國內封閉型物流中心服務品質之實證研究-以捷盟行銷公司為例。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-70。
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