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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. Butler,R. and S. Sohod(1995),”Joint Venture Autonomy:Resource Dependence and Transaction Costs Perspectives”, Scandinavian Journal Management,pp.159-175。
  2. 6. Chi,T.(1994),”Trading in Strategic Resources:Necessary Conditions,Transaction Cost Problems,and Choice of Exchange Structure”,Strategic Management Journal,15(4),pp.271-290。
  3. 10. Contractor,F.J. & P. Lorange(1988),Why Should Firms cooperate:The Strategy and Econmoic Basis for Cooperative Ventures,in Contractor F.J.&P. Lorange(eds),”Cooperative Strategies in International Business”,Lexington Mass. D.C. Heath and Company。
  4. 12. Devlin,G.& Bleackley,M.(1988),”Strategie Alliances Guidelines for Success”,Long Range Planning,Vol.21 NO.5,pp.18-23。
  5. 13. Dymsza W.A.(1988),” Successes and Failures of Joint Ventures in Developing Countries:Lessons from Experience”,in Contractor and Lorange eds.,Cooperative Strategies in International Business,D.C. Heath and Company。
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王曉慧(2006)。以PEST分析與五變因探討台商在日本光學檢測儀器設備產業於中國大陸發展的關鍵成功因素。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-98。 
  2. 李宏學(2014)。ECFA後兩岸產業發展之研究。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2014。1-148。 
  3. 陳文良(2009)。建構台灣太陽能電池產業之企業發展合作網絡模型。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-156。 
  4. 林翰輝(2007)。考慮需求不確定下庫存管理模式-以汽車維修零件為例。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2007。1-64。 
  5. 陳振澤(2005)。核心擴張策略與競爭策略配合對經營績效影響之研究—以兩岸汽車業為對象。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-106。
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