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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.三菱總合研究所,「環境管理&環保商機全預測」,羿彗文化編輯部,嘉義市,2002年12月。
  2. 2.工業技術研究院,「石化工業年鑑」,2002年。
  3. 8.杜英儀,「臺灣石化業的挑戰與方向」,經濟前瞻,第85期,37-40頁,2003年1月。
  4. 12.林嬋娟,「綠色會計之國際現況與相關指引- 兼論改進國內綠色會計之道」,會計研究月刊,第199期,68-82頁,2002年6月。
  5. 14.周嫦娥,「聆聽自然天籟價多少?- 綠色國民所得帳中的環保支出」,台灣經濟研究月刊,第22卷第4期,50-57頁,1999年4月。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳政宏(2005)。建置台灣電子零組件業環境會計帳之 可行性研究。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2005。1-111。
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