Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Agrawal, A., N. Mandelker, 1990, Large shareholders and monitoring of managers: the case of anti-takeover charter amendments. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 25, 143-161.
  2. 2. Agrawal, A., C. Knoeber, 1996, Firm performance and mechanisms to control agency problems between managers and shareholders. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis 31, 377-397.
  3. 3. Ang, J., Cole, R., and J. Lin, 1999, Agency costs and ownership structure. Journal of Finance 55, 81–106.
  4. 4. Berger, P., E. Ofek, 1996, Bustup takeovers of value-destroying firms. Journal of Finance 51, 1175–1200.
  5. 5. Berle, A., G. Means, 1932, The modern corporation and private property, MacMillan New York.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡莉玉(2007)。本國銀行併購對中小企業融資的影響。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-62。 
  2. 李文中(2005)。銀行業及電子業參與政府電子化專案 效益之評估-以經濟部”C”計畫為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-98。
  3. 張犁秋(2006)。公司治理、道德危險及績效之關係-台灣上市公司之實證研究。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2006。1-78。
  4. 巫振嘉(2006)。研發支出、槓桿與托賓Q之關係- 臺灣資訊電子業之實證研究。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2006。1-60。
  5. 劉秀雲(2009)。馬基維利人格傾向與不道德行為意圖關聯性之探討-以權力為干擾變數。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-103。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :