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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 【1】Sedgley CM, Messer HH. Are endodontically treated teeth more brittle? J Endodon 1992; 18: 332-5
  2. 【2】Major MA. Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion. 7TH Ed, 308-358, W. B. Saunders Company 1993
  3. 【3】Ford TRP 1997. Harty’s Endodontics in Clinical Practice. 4TH Ed
  4. 【4】Morgano SM, Milot P. Clinical success posts and cores. J Prosthet Dent, 1993 Jul 11-16
  5. 【5】Eskitascioglu G, Belli S, Kalkan M. Evaluation of 2 post core systems using 2 different methods (Fracture Strength Test and a Finite Elemental Stress analysis). J of Endodon 2002; 28: 629-33
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李宜蓁(2014)。牙周膜韌帶厚度與牙柱釘尺寸對於根管治療後正中門齒及周圍齒槽骨應力之影響。臺北科技大學機電整合研究所學位論文。2014。1-78。 
  2. 黃士恆(2005)。以三維有限元素法分析磁性附連體與球狀附連體於下顎覆蓋式義齒受力時之應力分佈。臺灣大學臨床牙醫學研究所學位論文。2005。1-92。
  3. 呂玉蓉(2005)。根管治療用之鎳鈦旋轉器械力學行為分析。中原大學醫學工程研究所學位論文。2005。1-102。
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