Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 14 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bawa, V.S. (1975) “Optimal Rules for Ordering Uncertain Prospects” Journal of Financial Economics 2,95-121
  2. Eftekhari, B. (1998) “Lower Partial Moment Hedge Ratio” Applied Financial Economics, 8, 645-652
  3. Johnson, L. (1960) “The theory of hedging and speculation in commodity futures” Review of Economic Studies, 27,139-51
  4. Nawrocki, D. and Staples, K. (1989) “A customized LPM risk measure for portfolio analysis” Applied economics, 21, 205-218.
  5. Nawrocki, D. (1991) “Optimal algorithms and lower partial moment: ex post results” Applied Economics, 23, 465-470.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳伯杰(2014)。最小變異數避險組合的避險效益:以布蘭特原油為例。淡江大學管理科學學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-35。 
  2. 皮素芬(2011)。股價指數期貨最適避險策略之分析-最小變異法與LPM法之比較。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-93。 
  3. 劉肖君(2011)。外匯期貨最適避險比率與避險效益分析。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-70。 
  4. 游楹祿(2009)。台幣外匯指數與各國外幣匯率指數及類股指數連動性探勘之研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-120。 
  5. 曾啟彰(2007)。變異數與低偏動差之風險衡量適用性檢定。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2007。1-66。 
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :