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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 郭昭佑(2000),學校本位評鑑。五南書局。
  2. 28. 陳東榮,無日期,駐澳大利亞代表處文化組,取自
  3. 35. 康自立(1995),大學與產界的合作,發表於國立台灣師範大學教育研究中心舉辦:1995 年大學教育學術研討--大學自主與社會責任。
  4. 質指標建立之理論與實際」學術研討會。台北。
  5. 1. Anderson, V(1991). Alternative economic indicators. London:Routledge.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴張揚(2006)。綠色供應商之環境績效評估。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2006。1-104。 
  2. 傅遠智(2006)。評估我國大學校院之發展策略:以資料包絡法為例。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-277。
  3. 陳順興(2007)。高等教育關鍵績效指標之建構與實施程度之分析。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2007。1-237。
  4. 王麗珍(2009)。運用校務基金訪視制度之量化指標評估國立大學校院經營績效之研究。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-46。
  5. 詹銘仁(2010)。崑山科技大學服務品質之重要性與滿意度分析。崑山科技大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-64。
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