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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 161 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 11. 黃文仙,「顧客互動強度、顧客知識管理能力及顧客特性對新產品績效影響之研究 以台灣資訊軟體產業為例」,私立中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,民國91年。
  2. 1. Alberto Petroni,Barbara Panciroli,“Innovation as a Determinant of Suppliers’ Roles and Performances:An Empirical Study in the Food Machinery Industry”,European Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, 2002, 8,135-149
  3. 2. Alberto De Toni,Guido Nassimbeni,“A Method for the Evaluation of Suppliers’ Co-design Effort ” International Journal of Production Economice 72 (2001) 169-180
  4. 3. Adler,P.S.,“Interdepartmental interdependence and coordination:the case of the design/manufacturing interface.”Organization Science 6(2),1995,147-167
  5. 4. Atuahene-Gima, Kwaku “Market Orientation and Innovation” Journal of Business Research Volume: 35, Issue: 2, February, 1996, pp. 93-103
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 馬千琇(2011)。利用電腦輔助工程選取供應鏈中跨廠協同設計之零件。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2011。1-178。 
  2. 羅悅滋(2008)。製造早期參與對新產品開發績效之影響---情境觀點與實證。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-62。 
  3. 劉懿靚(2007)。市場導向與跨組織整合對新產品開發績效影響相關之研究。中央大學企業管理學系學位論文。2007。1-92。
  4. 常肇怡(2007)。服務業顧客參與量表之建立。臺灣大學國際企業學研究所學位論文。2007。1-118。
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