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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 194 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. Slywotzky, A.J. and Morrison, D.J. 1998, “The Profit Zone: How Strategic Business Design Will Lead You to Tomorrow's Profits”,黃瓊儀譯(民88),「獲利寶典:創造高利潤的營業計劃」。台北:金錢文化。
  2. 13. 張根榮(民90),「企業競爭策略與創新領域配適對企業競爭力之相關研究」,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 17. 黃文仙(民91),「顧客互動強度、顧客知識管理能力及顧客特性對新產品績效影響之研究 - 以台灣資訊軟體產業為例」,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 19. 賴士葆(民79),「研究發展/行銷/製造三部門互動與新產品發展績效相關之研究」,台北:華泰書局。
  5. 1. Abernathy, W.J and Clark, K.B. 1985, “Innovation: Mapping the Winds of Creative Destruction”, Research Policy, Vol.:14, pp.:3-22
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅悅滋(2008)。製造早期參與對新產品開發績效之影響---情境觀點與實證。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-62。 
  2. 陳永諭(2008)。客戶知識與內部溝通對新產品發展之影響。元智大學企業管理學系學位論文。2008。1-91。
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