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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] N. Aoike, M. Hoshino, and A. H. Iwabuc, “Automotive HID Headlamps Producing Compact Electronic Ballasts Using Power ICs,” IEEE Transaction on Industry Application, Vol.8, pp. 37-41, Jan-Feb. 2002.
  2. [2] K. Lee, and B. H. Cho, “Design and Analysis of Automotive High Intensity Discharge Lamp Ballast Using Micro Controller Unit,” IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics, Vol.18, pp. 1356-1364, Nov. 2003.
  3. [5] M. Shen, Z. Qian, and F. Z. Peng, “Design of a Two-Stage Low-Frequency Square-Wave Electronic Ballast for HID Lamps,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 39, pp. 424-430, March-April 2003.
  4. [9] OSRAM, “Technical Information For HTI nS 35/12,”1998.
  5. [10] A. Reatti., “Low-Cost High Power-Density Electronic Ballast for Automotive HID Lamp,” IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics, Vol. 15, pp. 361 – 368, March. 2000.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊勝惟(2012)。廢含汞產品管理與風險分析之研究。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-100。 
  2. 王嘉慶(2008)。汽車含汞元件流佈與管理之研究。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-115。 
  3. 徐與亨(2007)。汽車用氙氣頭燈轉換器的研製。臺北科技大學電力電子產業研發碩士專班學位論文。2007。1-76。 
  4. 許繼穎(2008)。廢含汞元件熱脫附處理之研究。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-119。
  5. 呂英順(2011)。廢含汞產品熱脫附處理技術之研究。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-138。
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