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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 24. 黃英忠,1997,現代人力資源管理,台北:華泰書局。
  2. 4. Arthur, J. B. (1992). “The Link between Business Strategy and Industrial Relations System in American Steel Minimills“, Industrial
  3. 6. Blyton,P. and Morris,J.(1991),“A Flexible Future? Prospects for Employment and Organization“, New York, de Gruyter.
  4. 9. Blyton, P. (1996). “Workforce Flexibility”. In Towers, B.(eds) The Handbook of Human Resource Management. Oxford: Blackwell.
  5. 10. Cordery, J. L., (1989), “Multi-skilling: A Discussion of Proposed Benefits of New Approaches to Labour Flexibility within Enterprises,”Personnel Review, 18(3), pp. 13-22.
Times Cited (20) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭皓文(2008)。會計師事務所人力資源管理活動與組織績效關聯性之研究-從人力資源角色觀點探討之。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-61。 
  2. 吳建鋒(2009)。組織變革態度、組織承諾、工作滿意與組織公民行為相關性之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-110。 
  3. 吳文瑛(2007)。提昇國防研發機構組織績效之關鍵因素與方案評選。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-141。 
  4. 徐沛甄(2015)。人力資源彈性策略、組織公民行為與組織績效之相關性研究─以東部某區域教學醫院為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2015。1-85。 
  5. 黃文鎮(2013)。主管僕人式領導與員工組織承諾及其工作績效關係之研究─以臺南市戶政事務所為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2013。1-211。 
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