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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8.朴英培,工作價值觀、領導型態、工作滿足與組織承諾關係之研究-以韓國電子業為例,國立政治大學企業管理研究所博士論文,民77。
  2. 9.何英奇,「大學生自我認證與次文化近五年間的轉變:以師大教育院系學生為例」,教育心理學報,23,民79:119-142。
  3. 54.諸承明,「新新人類工作生活品質需求類型之研究~Q分類方法之實證應用」,企業管理學報,49,民89:71-95。
  4. 2.Baker, W. H., DeTeinne, K., Smart, K.L., “How fortune 500 companies are using electronic resume management systems”, Business Communication Quarterly, 61(3), 1998: 70-71.
  5. 3.Barber, A. E.,Hollenbeck, J. R., Tower, S. L., “The effects of interview focus on recruitment effectiveness: A field experiment”. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(6), 1998: 886-896.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陶韻然(2010)。大學應屆畢業生個人背景因素、校園經驗與生涯成熟態度研究--以北部地區大學為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-165。
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