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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] Vrhel M. J., and Trussel H. J., "The Mathematics of Color Calibration", IEEE, 1998
  2. [2] T. Uchiyama and M. A. Arbib, “Color image segmentation using competitive learning”, IEEE Trans. on Pattern Anal. Machine Intell., Vol. 16, pp. 1197-1206, 1994.
  3. [3] E. Littmann and H. Ritter, “Adaptive color segmentation – A comparison of neural and statistical methods,” IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, Vol. 8, Jan. 1997.
  4. [4] H. -D. Cheng, Y. Sun, “A hierarchical approach to color image segmentation using homogeneity,” IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, Vol. 9, No. 12, pp. 2071-2082, 2000.
  5. [5] N. Vandenbroucke, L. Macaire, J. -G. Postaire, “Color image segmentation by pixel classification in an adapted hybrid color space. Application to soccer image analysis,” Computer Vision and Image Understanding, Vol. 90, pp. 190-216, 2003.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賈玉西(2010)。展示物最佳演色光源之研究 -以黃金加工品為例-。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2010。1-105。 
  2. 李鈞毅(2007)。類神經網路及影像處理於車輛特徵辨識之應用。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2007。1-54。
  3. 林家弘(2016)。空用雷達模擬器之研究。虎尾科技大學飛機工程系航空與電子科技碩士班學位論文。2016。1-61。
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